La Instrucción del Día

20/08/2019

ROUNDSD — Round Scalar Double Precision Floating-Point Values

Opcode*/Instruction Op/En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
66 0F 3A 0B /r ib ROUNDSD xmm1, xmm2/m64, imm8 RMI V/V SSE4_1 Round the low packed double precision floating-point value in xmm2/m64 and place the result in xmm1. The rounding mode is determined by imm8.
VEX.NDS.LIG.66.0F3A.WIG 0B /r ib VROUNDSD xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m64, imm8 RVMI V/V AVX Round the low packed double precision floating-point value in xmm3/m64 and place the result in xmm1. The rounding mode is determined by imm8. Upper packed double precision floating-point value (bits[127:64]) from xmm2 is copied to xmm1[127:64].

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RMI ModRM:reg (w) ModRM:r/m (r) imm8 NA
RVMI ModRM:reg (w) VEX.vvvv (r) ModRM:r/m (r) imm8

Description

Round the DP FP value in the lower qword of the source operand (second operand) using the rounding mode specified in the immediate operand (third operand) and place the result in the destination operand (first operand). The rounding process rounds a double-precision floating-point input to an integer value and returns the integer result as a double precision floating-point value in the lowest position. The upper double precision floating-point value in the destination is retained.

The immediate operand specifies control fields for the rounding operation, three bit fields are defined and shown in Figure 4-20. Bit 3 of the immediate byte controls processor behavior for a precision exception, bit 2 selects the source of rounding mode control. Bits 1:0 specify a non-sticky rounding-mode value (Table 4-14 lists the encoded values for rounding-mode field).

The Precision Floating-Point Exception is signaled according to the immediate operand. If any source operand is an SNaN then it will be converted to a QNaN. If DAZ is set to ‘1 then denormals will be converted to zero before rounding. 128-bit Legacy SSE version: The first source operand and the destination operand are the same. Bits (VLMAX1:64) of the corresponding YMM destination register remain unchanged. VEX.128 encoded version: Bits (VLMAX-1:128) of the destination YMM register are zeroed.

Operation

IF (imm[2] = ‘1)
  THEN
     DEST[63:0] ← ConvertDPFPToInteger_M(SRC[63:0]);
  ELSE
     DEST[63:0] ← ConvertDPFPToInteger_Imm(SRC[63:0]);
FI;
DEST[127:63] remains unchanged ;
ROUNDSD (128-bit Legacy SSE version)
DEST[63:0] ← RoundToInteger(SRC[63:0], ROUND_CONTROL)
DEST[VLMAX-1:64] (Unmodified)
VROUNDSD (VEX.128 encoded version)
DEST[63:0] ← RoundToInteger(SRC2[63:0], ROUND_CONTROL)
DEST[127:64] ← SRC1[127:64]
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] ← 0

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

ROUNDSD: __m128d mm_round_sd(__m128d dst, __m128d s1, int iRoundMode); __m128d mm_floor_sd(__m128d dst, __m128d s1); __m128d mm_ceil_sd(__m128d dst, __m128d s1);

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

Invalid (signaled only if SRC = SNaN) Precision (signaled only if imm[3] = ‘0; if imm[3] = ‘1, then the Precision Mask in the MXSCSR is ignored and precision exception is not signaled.) Note that Denormal is not signaled by ROUNDSD.

Other Exceptions

See Exceptions Type 3.

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